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Newsletter 55
14/07/12

What price must beauty pay?

 

Hello Friends 

When canned hunters attempted to steal the white Tigress Shine, I researched what money could have been derived from the theft. My research turned up the following. The canned tiger  hunters could have persuaded the client to pay between $100,000 to $150,000  to hunt the white tiger.

Then provided the clients just took the trophy, there would be all the body parts available for sale. These include fat, urine, knuckles, claws etc. Being a white tiger, these body parts would have fetched a higher price than a normal tiger.

My research showed there to be a thriving trade in lion body parts to China. I put two and two together and concluded that these lion body parts were being sold as tiger body parts in China. It could be a multi million rand industry. 

Further research linked the illegal rhino horn dealers to the tiger body parts trade. 

Like drug dealers, they deal in more than one commodity, as the body parts and rhino horn buyers are the same people. Therefore tiger/lion body parts and rhino horn could be smuggled in the same containers at the same time. 

In fact as Fiona Macleod's excellent article shows, lion body parts can be exported legally from South Africa. Therefore it's possible that rhino horn is moving labeled as lion body parts. 


Quenching a thirst for lion bones
Mail and Guardian - Fiona Macleod

http://mg.co.za/article/2012-04-20-quenching-a-thirst-for-lion-bones/

On the back of the illegal rhino horn trade, Asian suppliers have begun sourcing a replacement for tigers, namely lions or rather their bones.

The trade in rhino horn to Asian countries has opened an avenue for the sale of lion carcasses — their bones are being used to replace those of tigers in the making of traditional Eastern wines.

Conservationists say the trade, which has taken off since 2009, has added to the pressures that have caused Africa’s lion populations to crash from about 200 000 in the 1970s to less than 20 000 today. In some range states in West and Central Africa, lions have recently been declared extinct.

Official records show that South Africa exported 418 lion carcasses to Vietnam and Laos from 2009 to 2010.

Figures for the illegal trade and more recent exports were not available.

Lion ‘brews’
Conservationists have previously been aware that lion bones were being used in Chinese brews believed to have healing properties, but they have only recently become aware of the scale of the trade in other Asian countries.

Before 2009, neither Vietnam nor Laos had been recorded as importing lion bones, said Chris Mercer, head of the South African organisation Campaign against Canned Hunting.

“The trade in lion bones to Asia is a new development,” he said. “Official figures going back to 1975 show no exports of lions from South Africa to Vietnam or Laos. Similar growth in the trade is forecast from 2010 to 2011 and moving forwards.

“With fewer than 4 000 wild tigers left and commercial trade in tiger parts prohibited under international law, traditional Oriental medicine is turning to lion bone wine as a legal substitute for tiger bone wine. Asian consumers may not know this, however, as lion bone wine is frequently sold in tiger-shaped bottles.”

Mercer said the lion carcasses exported with official permits came from captive lion breeders, who owned about 4 000 lions and also supplied the “canned” lion-hunting industry.

There are an estimated 2 200 lions in the wild in South Africa, most of them in the Kruger National Park.

Evidence of the link to the rhino horn trade came to the fore with the arrest last year of two Thai businesspersons, Chumlong Lemtongthai and Punpitak Chunchom, who will stand trial with Free State game farmer Marnus Steyl in June on charges related to the illegal hunting of rhinos and exporting their horns to Asia.

Affidavits leading to their arrest said the Thais were buying “lion sets” for about R10 000 each from game farms in the Free State and North West. If the head and feet were attached to the carcass, it would fetch R5 000 more.

Lemtongthai’s company in Laos, Xaysavang Trading Export-Import, received the majority of the lion carcasses exported from South Africa during 2009 and 2010, official permits show.

More recent figures indicated the price that could be fetched for a full lion skeleton ranged between R24 000 and R40 000, according to Pieter Kat, a trustee of United Kingdom-based conservation organisation LionAid.

Kat said 54 lion-hunting trophies and 14 live lions had been exported to Laos recently, “which is strange because Laotians don’t have a history of hunting lions”.

“There are parallels to the rhino horn trade in the lion bone business,” he said. “The legal export and pseudo-hunters from Asia are followed by a huge amount of poaching. The supply and demand creates a market that becomes insatiable.”

He said that although the official trade from South Africa was legal, it would stimulate an illegal market for lion bones and derivatives that would affect wild carnivores in all African range states.

“Asian markets used to be supplied by Asian species. Those are now gone and Asia has turned to Africa,” he said.

“Asian markets put a premium on wild animal products as they are ‘stronger’ than captive-raised animals. And there are as few lions left on the African continent as there are rhinos in South Africa.”

LionAid held a conference in Johannesburg last week to establish the number of lions in Africa. Scientific and conservation management authorities from seven range states participated, but South African officials declined the invitation to attend.

Kat said pressures such as hunting, human encroachment and poaching had sent lion populations in Africa into “free-fall decline”. “Revised estimates indicate there could be as few as 500 to 700 left in all of Western and Central Africa.”

In Côte d’Ivoire, the Congo and Ghana lions were extinct, whereas Nigeria had fewer than 40 left. Tanzania had the largest population, between 7 000 and 16 000, followed by South Africa with its large captive-bred population.

Kat said some countries supported a proposal to get lions upgraded to appendix 1 of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species at its next meeting in Thailand in March next year, which would ensure better monitoring and protection for the big cats. But countries that gained from the commercial use of lions through hunting and the sale of their parts were resisting the move.

Gareth Patterson, South Africa’s “lion man” who played a pivotal role in the exposure of canned hunting in the 1990s, said this week carnivore experts had predicted back then that the lion bone trade would take off.

“One of my recommendations in 1997-1998 was that South Africa ban not only canned lion hunting, but also the trade in big cats and their body parts. My fear, sadly realised today, was that lions and tigers are genetically very similar and the end consumer would not be able to differentiate between their body parts, and soon lions would be affected by the trade


The Organisation Avaaz, is running a petition at the moment. They try to get 1 million signatures to ban the Lion Trade in South Africa.

1 Million to Ban the Lion Trade



https://secure.avaaz.org/en/1_million_to_ban_the_lion_trade_sa/?tta

Hundreds of South African lions are being slaughtered to make bogus sex potions for men in Asia. But a global public campaign can stop this cruel trade by hitting the government where it hurts -- the tourism industry.

A ban on tiger bone sales has traders hunting a new prize -- the majestic lions. Lions are farmed under appalling conditions for "canned hunting", where rich tourists pay thousands to shoot them through fences. Now experts say lion bones from these killing farms are being exported to phony 'medicine' makers in Asia for record profits. Trade is exploding and experts fear that as prices rise, even wild lions -- with only 20,000 left in Africa -- will come under poaching attack.

If we join with people across the world and show President Zuma that this brutal trade is hurting South Africa's image as a tourist destination, he could ban and punish the trade in lion bones. Avaaz is taking out strong ads in airports, tourism websites and magazines, but we urgently need 1 million petition signers to give the ads their force. Sign the petition on the right and tell everyone about it to build our numbers fast.


Tiger Slaughter...
very graphic pictures from

http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=412365012138664&set=a.412364848805347.85773.396479103727255&type=1&theater

 


Tread lightly on the earth.
JV


Tread lightly on the Earth

info@jvbigcats.co.za
Copyright 2007 @jvbigcats  All rights reserved


Newsletters


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Newsletter 127
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Newsletter 118
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Newsletter 110
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Newsletter 106
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Invitation
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Newsletter 103
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Newsletter 102
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Newsletter 101
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Newsletter 100
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Newsletter 96
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Bush School: Where are they now?

Newsletter 94
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Open letter to Jani Allen: Oscar Pistorius

Newsletter 93
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John Varty interview with Sizie Modise

Newsletter 92
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Newsletter 91
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Newsletter 90
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Newsletter 89
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Where are the Champions?

Newsletter 88
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Newsletter 86
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Newsletter 85
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Newsletter 84
26/11/13
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Newsletter 83
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Newsletter 82
04/11/13
Profit is the Name of Your Game

Newsletter 81
30/10/13

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Newsletter 80
18/10/13
In the Jaws of the Tiger

Newsletter 79
11/10/13
Open letter to Vice President Cyril Ramaphosa about rhino crisis

Newsletter 78
06/10/13
Open letter to Min of Defense, South Africa about rhino crisis

Newsletter 77
30/09/13
Digital Photography

Newsletter 76
06/09/13
Zoochosis

Newsletter 75
20/07/13
Rhino Horn Trade - Response

Newsletter 74
09/07/13
Raw Power

Newsletter 73
02/07/13
The Evolution of the Tracker

Newsletter 72
02/07/13
An Open Letter to the Honourable Edna Molewa, Minister of Water Affairs and Environmental Affairs

Newsletter 71
06/06/13
Using flash or spotlight on cats at night

Newsletter 70
14/05/13
Mirror mirror on the wall, who has the best eyesight of them all?

Newsletter 69
12/04/13
Mirror, mirror on the wall, who is the fastest of them all?

Newsletter 68
25/03/13
Mirror, mirror on the wall, who is the best fighter of them all?

Newsletters 67
07/03/13
Wild Cheetah return to the Free State after 100 years

Newsletter 66
28/02/13
Seeking the genes

Newsletters 65
06/02/13
Corbett's Journey

Newsletters 64
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In Search of a Mate

Newsletters 63
11/01/13
Rumble in the Jungle

Newsletters 62
30/10/12
Voronin Big Cat Safari Breaks All Records

Newsletters 61
09/12/12
A Journey to Nowhere

Newsletter 60
03/10/12
The John Hume Approach

Newsletter 59
28/09/12
Response to Rhino Horn Auction

Newsletters 58
24/09/12
A Letter to John Hume, SA biggest Rhino Breeder

Newsletters 57
05/09/12
Newsletters 56
01/08/12
Indian Government -
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Newsletter 55
11/07/12
What price must beauty pay?

Newsletter 54
21/04/12
Corbett's Freedom

Newsletter 53
15/04/12
Lethal injection or Freedom

Newsletters 52
04/04/12
The anatomy of an aggressive tiger

Newsletters 51
14/02/12
Majestic, breathtaking pictures

Newsletters 50
04/11/11
Tigress Calendar

Newsletters 49
19/11/11

Let your pictures do the talking

Newsletters 48
26/09/11

Rhino Wars

Newsletters 47
06/09/11
A Letter to the President

Newsletters 46
08/08/11
The Body Parts Scam

Newsletters 45
11/07/11
Tiger Subspecies

Newsletters 43
01/05/11
Your future and the Tiger

Newsletter 42
08/05/11
Talk to Me

Newsletter 41
26/01/11
Gaian Reminder

Newsletter 40
18/11/10
Ron's Journey

Newsletter 39
20/10/10
"Descreprimate"

Newsletter 38
06/09/10
Beauty comes at a price

Newsletter 37
18/08/10

The Light Has Gone Out


Newsletter 36
08/07/10
The Beautiful Game

Newsletter 35
05/07/10
The Ethics of
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Newsletter 34
21/06/10
Tiger Hunt

Newsletter 33
26/05/10
The Year of the Tiger

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11/02/10

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Newsletter 31
24/01/10

Runti's Journey


Newsletter 30
12/01/10

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07/12/09

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Newsletter 28
12/11/09

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Newsletter 27
03/11/09

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Newsletter 26
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Newsletter 25
17/08/09

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Newsletter 22
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Newsletter 21
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Newsletter 19
14/01/09

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10/10/08

Tiger Courting


Newsletter 11
29/01/08

Privatizing the Tiger


Newsletter 9
27/10/07

Newsletter 8
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Newsletter 7
14/09/07

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14/08/07

Tiger Intelligence


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16/05/07

Tiger language
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Newsletter 3
09/03/07

Interspecies communication


Newsletter 2
06/02/07

Cub relocation


Londolozi
Newsletters

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17/08/09


Newsletter 20
10/02/09

Newsletter 15
17/08/08

Painted Wolves


Newsletter 13
11/04/08

Response to Elephant Trust
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Newsletter 12
09/04/08

Elephant Trust